The Institute of Medicine (IOM) was established in 1972 under Tribhuvan University with the mandate and the responsibility of training all the categories of health manpower needed in the country. Within the first decade of its establishment, it developed a total of 12 campuses scattered over the country out of which 3 campuses were in Kathmandu and 9 campuses were outside the Kathmandu Valley.
In the beginning, the importance was given to training of middle level health workers. The programs for this purpose were:
- Proficiency Certificate Course in General Medicine
- Health Laboratory
- Traditional Medicine
With the passage of time , institutional goals of IOM changed according to the need of health personnel in the country. The new responsibility was to train the human resources of tertiary level health professionals. By 1977, it had started a graduate level of 2-year Bachelor of Nursing Programme in;
- Community Nursing
- Pediatric Nursing
- Adult Nursing
This year, a community-oriented integrated MBBS programmes was started with intake of 22 students. Later on, students number were increase to 30 and subsequently to 40.
A three hundred-beded TU Teaching Hospital was completed in 1982 with the support from JICA. This hospital provides services to general population and is the center for the teaching/learning and research activities of different programs run by IOM.
At post-graduate level in 1982, three year Postgraduate Generalist Training (Family Physician, MD General Practice) was started with the collaboration with University of Calgary, Canada.
An one-year Postgraduate Diploma in Anesthesiology was started in this year with the support from the University of Calgary, Canada.
Super specialized training started from this year with M Ch Program in surgery in the following field.
- Cardiothoracic and Vascular
Now, IOM is running 29 different programs from proficiency certificate level to the highest postgraduate degree in medicine, public health, paramedical, nursing and traditional medicine (Ayurved Science) through 9 campuses scattered all over the country.