The Institute of Medicine (IOM) was established in 1972 under Tribhuvan University with the mandate and the responsibility of training all the categories of health manpower needed in the country. Within the first decade of its establishment, it developed a total of 12 campuses scattered over the country out of which 3 campuses were in Kathmandu and 9 campuses were outside the Kathmandu Valley.
In the beginning, the importance was given to training of middle level health workers. The programs for this purpose were:
- Proficiency Certificate Course in General Medicine
- Health Laboratory
- Traditional Medicine
With the passage of time , institutional goals of IOM changed according to the need of health personnel in the country. The new responsibility was to train the human resources of tertiary level health professionals. By 1977, it had started a graduate level of 2-year Bachelor of Nursing Programme in;
- Community Nursing
- Pediatric Nursing
- Adult Nursing
This year, a community-oriented integrated MBBS programmes was started with intake of 22 students. Later on, students number were increase to 30 and subsequently to 40.
A three hundred-beded TU Teaching Hospital was completed in 1982 with the support from JICA. This hospital provides services to general population and is the center for the teaching/learning and research activities of different programs run by IOM.
At post-graduate level in 1982, three year Postgraduate Generalist Training (Family Physician, MD General Practice) was started with the collaboration with University of Calgary, Canada.
An one-year Postgraduate Diploma in Anesthesiology was started in this year with the support from the University of Calgary, Canada.
Super specialized training started from this year with M Ch Program in surgery in the following field.
- Cardiothoracic and Vascular
IOM is running 29 different programs from proficiency certificate level to the highest postgraduate degree in medicine, public health, paramedical, nursing and traditional medicine (Ayurved Science) through 9 campuses scattered all over the country.
Current academic programs
Institute of Medicine is currently conducting more than 63 different academic programmes of PCL, undergraduate, postgraduate, DM/MCH/PhD levels in clinical and non-clinical health sciences in its 7 constituent campuses: Maharajgunj Medical Campus, Maharajgunj Nursing Campus, Ayurved Campus, Kirtipur, Pokhara (Nursing) Campus, Birgunj Nursing Campus, Nepalgunj Nursing Campus, and Biratnagar Nursing Campus. It currently has DM in 6 superspecialty programs, MCh in 5 superspecialty programs and PhD in three programs.
Institute of Medicine of Tribhuvan University (TU) has 15 affiliated health science colleges, which are implementing different undergraduate and post graduate academic programs in clinical and non-clinical health science under IOM. Among them, seven colleges are implementing MBBS program. In seven affiliated medical colleges under TU, every year 700 students are admitted in MBBS. The total intake of MBBS students is 775 including Maharajgunj Medical Campus in the TU system (15 intakes were added from 2013). Out of 8 medical schools in the TU system, three are based in Kathmandu Valley.
Human resource and physical infrastructure profile
Maharajgunj Medical Campus is the largest campus with highest number of academic programs, students and faculties. Tribhuvan University Teaching Hospital (TUTH) has 700 beds capacity teaching hospital with several super specialty services. Among the constituent campuses, Ayurved Campus has received autonomy from IOM. Institute of Medicine looking after teaching learning activities, examinations and services of its constituent campuses and affiliated colleges. Institute of Medicine is the largest institution in Nepal providing health science education and services to the people of Nepal and has enourmous potential for growth and expansion in the future.